The Truth about Renewable Natural Gas 

Despite the fossil fuel industry’s greenwashing, this fuel still pollutes the climate and hurts our health.

No new pipelines are needed in New England

"Renewable" natural gas is predominantly methane, just like the gas we already use for home heating and cooking. And it would still be piped through leaky gas pipelines—meaning no end to climate damaging (and explosive) methane leaks.

Recently, a surprising voice has joined the chorus of those calling for clean, renewable alternatives to climate-damaging oil and gas. This voice comes from the fossil fuel industry. But what they’re calling for – “renewable” natural gas – is just another ploy so they can continue business-as-usual for the sake of their polluting profits. 

The truth is “renewable” natural gas is not renewable or natural – and it is certainly not a large-scale climate solution. Instead, it is a shameless attempt by the fossil fuel industry to maintain the status quo in New England, keeping us shackled to polluting fuels and their dangerous infrastructure. 

“Renewable” Natural Gas Will Not Help Us Reach Our Climate Goals 

Fossil fuel companies want to sell us so-called “renewable” natural gas for the same things we use natural gas for now, like heating and cooking. Also known as “biomethane,” this fuel is made from manure, industrial food waste, landfill gas, wood, and more. It’s a highly processed gas that still contains at least 90% methane – a greenhouse gas that significantly damages the climate more than carbon dioxide.  

So, the term “renewable” natural gas is just a cover for what this fuel really is: methane, just like regular natural gas. Which makes the industry’s claims that it will solve our climate crisis are both wrong and misleading. 

“Renewable” Natural Gas Endangers Public Health 

Buying into the gas industry’s greenwashing by boosting the production of “renewable” natural gas would hurt our climate and our health. When burned, “renewable” natural gas releases nitrous oxide, a pollutant that creates smog and lowers air quality. These toxins can cause respiratory illnesses, like asthma. And for those already living with respiratory issues, such pollution worsens those conditions. 

Moreover, low-income communities and communities of color would experience the worst impacts of this pollution. These communities are already more likely to have industrial facilities and highways cutting through them, with both spewing harmful toxins into homes and businesses. The facilities that make “renewable” natural gas are often located in these communities, too. Those facilities release toxic pollution in the process of creating the fuel, which means the creation and use of this fuel would overburden those already most vulnerable to industrial pollution and its harms. 

To top off the health effects, studies have shown that gas appliances – like gas stoves and ovens – cause indoor air quality problems that can increase the risk of respiratory diseases, especially in children. Rather than simply replace one bad gas product with another, we would all be better off if we moved away from gas entirely.  

We Have Better Ways to Deal with Emissions from Landfills, Food Waste, and Farms 

The gas industry and its allies are justifying their unrealistic plans to shift to “renewable” natural gas by suggesting that they are just channeling other sources of polluting emissions into a usable product. They aren’t entirely wrong – there could be small-scale, localized uses for the methane produced by agriculture or landfills. But we could never produce enough of it to replace the gas in all residential or commercial heating systems. And it would still be piped through their already leaky gas pipelines—meaning no end to their climate damaging (and explosive) methane leaks.   

The bigger picture is that investing in “renewable” natural gas will not lead to a significant drop in climate-damaging emissions. Instead, it will incentivize the production of more of the polluting wastes needed to make this gas. And that would worsen the harms our waste and agriculture systems already impose on people and the environment. 

Rather than turning these polluting emissions into energy, we should be working to reduce them altogether. That means adopting zero waste practices to slash the trash sent to landfills. It means introducing more industrial-scale composting programs, like those already taking root in some states. And it means helping our farmers cultivate crops in ways that help our climate and create healthier soils.  

The Answer to Our Energy Needs Is Real Clean Energy, not “Renewable” Natural Gas 

The fossil fuel industry desperately wants us to invest in their dirty products and infrastructure. “Renewable” natural gas is just their latest attempt to stuff their wallets while we suffer the fallout from our changing climate.  

But we know the truth. 

Despite the fossil fuel industry’s rhetoric, the reality is that electricity made from solar and wind power is cheaper and cleaner than any kind of gas. Investing in more gas rather than in true clean power sources is a waste. 

Using real renewable energy and electrifying everything – from our heating to our cars – are cheaper, safer options for New England and our climate.

Before you go... CLF is working every day to create real, systemic change for New England’s environment. And we can’t solve these big problems without people like you. Will you be a part of this movement by considering a contribution today? If everyone reading our blog gave just $10, we’d have enough money to fund our legal teams for the next year.